Focus on people's livelihood and promote product quality improvement

Guangdong province released the results of special supervision and spot checks on product quality such as lighting and lighting products.

Shen Hong

 

Guangdong is a major household electrical appliance manufacturing province and a large consumption province in China. Industrial clusters and industrial clusters are prominent, and small businesses are the majority. Guangdong Quality Supervision Bureau starts from the 3 categories of people's livelihood products, such as lighting and lighting products, satellite navigation equipment products and humidifiers, and carries out quality supervision and spot checks. According to the regional production status, random sampling enterprises are selected randomly, focusing on finding and finding problems, so as to provide direction for product quality improvement. The results of special supervision and spot checks released recently showed that the detection rates of 3 types of products were 18%, 21.7% and 10% respectively, and the quality of products needed to be improved.

Lamps and lighting products: small business problem is prominent, large and medium-sized enterprises can not be ignored.

After years of development, Guangdong's lamps and lighting products have taken shape, and occupy the leading position in the whole country. At present, there are about 2142 CCC lighting enterprises, with a large number of enterprises, large output and wide market.

Of the 450 batches of 351 production enterprises surveyed, 68 batches of 81 batches of products were found to be unqualified, and the unqualified products were found to be 18%. Compared with the unqualified product discovery rate in 2015 and 2016, 18.6% and 12.9%, product quality problems still need attention.

From the scale of enterprise production, there are 22, 51 and 278 enterprises in the large, medium and small enterprises that have been surveyed. It is found that there are 4, 3 and 61 enterprises with unqualified products. The quality problems of small enterprises are outstanding, and the quality of products of large and medium-sized enterprises can not be ignored.

Spot checks found that the highest rate of unqualified items were "radiated electromagnetic disturbance" and "external wiring and internal wiring", mainly due to inadequate quality management system, inadequate technology development capability, inaccurate understanding of relevant standards, low quality and safety awareness, illegal enterprises shoddy work and shoddy products, resulting in uneven product quality.

Enterprises are the main body of the market. They should fulfill the duties of "good quality control". In view of the quality problems found in the supervision and spot checks, we should establish effective quality control system, strengthen the quality control and management of the whole process from raw material procurement to production and sales, and promote the construction of quality traceability system and measurement management system. The government supervision departments should increase the coverage and spot check of product quality supervision and spot check, strengthen the propaganda and management of standard requirements and quality control methods, help enterprises establish effective quality control system, promote product quality improvement, and guide the healthy development of industry.

Satellite navigation equipment products: the rate of unqualified products detection is high. Quality control needs to be strengthened.

Guangdong's Navigator production enterprises and market share accounts for about 80% of the country; the satellite positioning vehicle traveling data recorder (vehicle terminal) occupies more than 60% of the total market in the country, and it is a large province for production and use.

A total of 60 batches of navigators and vehicle traveling data recorder produced by 60 enterprises were inspected. After examination, 13 batches of products were found to be unqualified. In the spot checks, there were vibration (vertical direction), radiated disturbance field intensity (300MHz-1GHz) and conducted disturbance in the unqualified navigator. The nonconforming items of the vehicle traveling data recorder had the power supply voltage adaptability, the anti automobile electric ignition interference, and the display function.

Judging from the state sampling survey in recent 3 years, the quality of such products is very unstable. The lowest spot check rate of unqualified products is 16.2%, and the highest rate of unqualified products is 55.9%. In Guangdong, in 2014 and 2016, the detection rates of unqualified products were 26.8% and 21.3% respectively. Compared with the unqualified products found in this spot check (21.7%), the problem of product quality still highlighted.

The reason is that today's vehicle navigation market is facing severe competition and severe competition. Under such circumstances, some enterprises have to occupy more market share by reducing prices, blindly reducing product costs, making poor components or lax production processes and quality control, resulting in poor performance of products and unstable quality of products.

The supervision department should attach great importance to it. It should list the unqualified enterprises found in the supervision and inspection as the key regulatory objects, strengthen routine supervision and inspection, increase the intensity of sampling inspection, urge the enterprises to implement the main responsibility, carry out healthy competition, strengthen quality, create brands and improve market share.

Humidifier: quality is improving year by year, and Foshan and Zhongshan still need strong supervision. With the improvement of consumers' environment and health consciousness, humidifier has become an indispensable electrical appliance for many families. Guangdong province is a major producer of humidifier products. The Pearl River Delta region, represented by Foshan and Zhongshan, is the main industrial base. The output accounts for about 70% of the output of the humidifier in China.

There are many brands of humidifier products in Guangdong province. There are not only star enterprises such as beauty, but also many small humidifier production enterprises. These enterprises can only produce and sell 1-2 types of products, and some have to win market share by price war.

The sampling inspection of 30 batches of products produced by 24 enterprises found that the 3 batches of products produced by 3 enterprises were not qualified, and the rate of unqualified products was 10%. Comparing the detection rate of 36.8% and 26.9% of the unqualified products in 2015 and 2016, the detection rate of unqualified products of humidifier decreased year by year. It shows that the supervision and spot check is highly targeted and the product quality level has been improved.

From the spot check area, Foshan and Zhongshan, as the gathering place of humidifier production enterprises, have a larger number of spot checks, accounting for 97% of the total. The unqualified enterprises found also come from two places. They need to focus on strengthening regional product quality supervision and strengthening regional brand building.

The main reason for the failure of the product quality is that the enterprises are not familiar with the standards, especially those that are matched with the safety standards. The quality and safety consciousness is low, and the product design starts from the attractive appearance of the products, ignoring the possible safety risks.

In view of the problems found in spot checks, the regulatory authorities can organize publicity on relevant laws and regulations and technical standards for relevant production enterprises, hold a product quality analysis meeting, help unqualified production enterprises find problems, analyze causes, formulate corrective measures and supervise and implement them, so as to promote the healthy development of Guangdong humidifier industry and achieve the goal of strong industrial concentration and high brand concentration.

China Quality Daily

(Editor: Zhang Guigui, Sun Hongli)